In World Theater Day, Opera Yerevan Returns Green

Opera Yerevan.jpg

 

Only Green Spaces Around Opera

arounf On March 13, city of Yerevan authorities began dismantling some of the dozens of cafes that have proliferated over the years on former parkland surrounding Yerevan’s central opera house; It is true that the demolition works has annoyed and angered the owners and employees of restaurants and cafes near the Opera Theater, but returning the place to the green area again will increase the beauty and charm of what represents the famous Yerevan opera of history, civilization and culture.
Mayor Hayk Marutyan wrote on his Facebook page: “Today we are fulfilling our dream of many years to liberate the area around the opera and to bring back the atmosphere of culture. This is the beginning of the process and it will continue.”
Armenian artists and theater fans showed their support to the initiative of Yerevan Municipality on the rehabilitation of green zones in Yerevan especially of unique opera area.

 

About Opera Theater Yerevan

Armenian National Academic Theater of Opera and Ballet named after Alexander Spendiaryan in Yerevan was officially opened on 20 January 1933, with Alexander Spendiaryan’s Almast opera performance. The opera building was designed by the Armenian architect Alexander Tamanian. It consists of two concert halls: the Aram Khatchaturian concert hall with 1,400 seats and the Alexander Spendiaryan Opera and Ballet National Theater with 1,200 seats.

The opening of the theatre promoted the creation of new national operas and ballets. The first Armenian ballet was Happiness by Aram Khachaturian. On the basis of this ballet the composer soon created Gayane which has been performed all over the world. Many other Armenian composers have written operas and ballets. Over the years, these artists have worked at the theatre: singers Gohar Gasparyan, Tatevik Sazandaryan, Mihran Yerkat, Pavel Lisitsian, Haykanush Danielyan, Nar Hovhannisyan, Gegham Grigoryan, Anahit Mekhitarian; conductors Konstantin Sarajev, Michael Tavrizyan, Aram Katanyan, Yuri Davtyan; ballet masters A. Petrosyan, M. Chmshkyan, Vanush Khanamiryan, Vilen Galstyan; painters Martiros Saryan, Minas Avetisyan.

 

About Opera Yerevan

Armenian National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet named after Alexander Spendiaryan in Yerevan was officially opened on 20 January 1933, with Alexander Spendiaryan’s Almast opera performance. The opera building was designed by the Armenian architect Alexander Tamanian. It consists of two concert halls: the Aram Khatchaturian concert hall with 1,400 seats and the Alexander Spendiaryan Opera and Ballet National Theater with 1,200 seats.

The opening of the theater promoted the creation of new national operas and ballets. The first Armenian ballet was Happiness by Aram Khachaturian. On the basis of this ballet the composer soon created Gayane which has been performed all over the world. Many other Armenian composers have written operas and ballets. Over the years, these artists have worked at the theatre: singers Gohar Gasparyan, Tatevik Sazandaryan, Mihran Yerkat, Pavel Lisitsian, Haykanush Danielyan, Nar Hovhannisyan, Gegham Grigoryan, Anahit Mekhitarian; conductors Konstantin Sarajev, Michael Tavrizyan, Aram Katanyan, Yuri Davtyan; ballet masters A. Petrosyan, M. Chmshkyan, Vanush Khanamiryan, Vilen Galstyan; painters Martiros Saryan, Minas Avetisyan.

 

About World Theater Day

In 1961 9th congress of International Theater Institute declared March 27 World Theater Day. Its aim is «to strengthen peace and friendship between nations, to promote the cooperation of world theatrical figures». The first World Theatre Day International message was written by French novelist, poet, dramatist Jean Cocteau (1889—1963).
World Theater Day is the day of all theater workers, actors, directors, producers, sound directors, etc. It is celebrated almost all over the world. On this day many theater festivals are organized, various performances are staged in theaters.

What about Armenian theater, it was originated in 1st millennium BC from rituals dedicated to goddesses Gisane and Anahit. According to Greek historian Plutarch the first historically known theater in Armenia was built in the reign of Tigranes the Great in 69 BC in Tigranakert (southern capital of Armenia). Artavasdes II (son of Tigranes) built a theater in Hellenistic style in Artashat (capital of Armenia). He was also the author of several tragedies. «Bacchae» of Euripides was staged there in 53 BC.
Many historical facts prove the existence of Armenian theater since 1st century BC. For example, in capital Armavir some extracts of tragedies by Greek authors and Artavasdes II were found.
Every year on 27 March Theater Workers Union of Armenia organizes «Artavazd» annual theater awarding ceremony, which is an opportunity to assess the achievements of theatrical figures.